I have recently listened to lectures by Maarten Hoenen
Antike und mittelalterliche Philosophie
He has considered in his lectures
Augustine of Hippo
Anselm of Canterbury
William of Ockham
I have found lectures pretty interesting. They show how Christian philosophers in a search for rational explanation of God have made strong foundation of modern science. See for example my small note Christianity Doctrine and Modern Scientific Research Program. A good companion for the lectures would be the book The Clockwork Universe: Isaac Newton, the Royal Society, and the Birth of the Modern World by Edward Dolnick. The book shows nicely that for scientists in the 17-th century, the God was the proof that the Laws of Nature exist and that a scientist can find them. The lectures of Maarten Hoenen on the other hand show how the European society came to such a conclusion.
Hence no doubt, that the foundations of science that we know lie in Christianity. This coincides with the conclusion in the book The Soul of Science: Christian Faith and Natural Philosophy. See also Collingwood on Monotheism and Science.
In the light of the above, Van Fraassen’s The God of the philosophers is dead seems to be a good way to proceed.